The Liberty Legal Foundation has cited a passage in the decision on an voting rights case which came before the U. Supreme Court— Minor v. Happersett —in which the court stated there was no doubt that "all children born in a country of parents who were its citizens" were natural-born citizens. Governor of the State of Indiana Others, including New Jersey attorney Leo Donofrio , have falsely claimed that a person cannot be a natural-born citizen if he is a dual citizen at birth.
Those who subscribe to this theory argue that because Obama's father was a Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies at the time Obama was born, Obama was born a dual citizen and therefore was not a natural-born citizen. However, Kenya's constitution prohibited dual citizenship in adulthood. Obama therefore automatically lost his Kenyan citizenship on his 23rd birthday in , by failing to formally renounce any non-Kenyan citizenship and swear an oath of allegiance to Kenya.
The current Kenyan constitution effective since permits dual citizenship, but requires those who lost Kenyan citizenship prior to to complete a registration process in order to regain citizenship. Notable advocates of the view that Obama may not be eligible for the Presidency include Philip J. Berg describes himself as a "moderate to liberal" Democrat who backed Hillary Clinton for president. Senate election , served as a diplomat in the Reagan administration , and is currently a media personality and self-described "conservative political activist".
Other notable advocates include Andy Martin , a perennial candidate who was "widely credited with starting the cyberwhisper campaign" that Obama is a secret Muslim,  and Robert L. Schulz , a tax protester and activist who placed full-page advertisements in the Chicago Tribune in December arguing that Obama had been born in Kenya or had subsequently renounced U.
The website AmericaMustKnow. The talk radio hosts Michael Savage , G. Rush Limbaugh , Sean Hannity and Lou Dobbs have also broached the issue several times on their shows. Some celebrities have promoted or touched upon the ineligibility claims, as well. In August , actor Chuck Norris , while not embracing the eligibility claims, wrote an open letter to Obama urging that he officially release his "original birth certificate", saying, "Refusing to post your original birth certificate is an unwise political and leadership decision that is enabling the 'birther' controversy.
And I got proof! Nothing photoshopped about my birth certificate. According to Mark Potok of the Southern Poverty Law Center , "the birther movement has gained a large following on the radical right Some of those "noxious elements" include a number of avowed white-supremacist and neo-Nazi groups. In March , after Obama was no longer the president, Malik Obama , his paternal half brother, posted on Twitter an image of a fake Kenyan birth certificate, which had been "debunked" in when it was first presented as part of one of the failed lawsuits that challenged Obama's ineligibility.
Trump was the most prominent promoter of birther conspiracy theories. The strategy worked: when Trump flirted with running for president in , his popularity was concentrated among the sizable share of Republicans who thought that President Obama was foreign born or a Muslim or both. In , at the urging of Donald Trump 's lawyer Michael Cohen , the National Enquirer began promoting a potential Trump presidential campaign , and with Cohen's involvement, the tabloid began questioning Obama's birthplace and citizenship. In March , during an interview on Good Morning America , Donald Trump said he was seriously considering running for president, that he was a "little" skeptical of Obama's citizenship, and that someone who shares this view should not be so quickly dismissed as an "idiot"  as Trump considers the term "birther" to be "derogatory" .
Trump added, "Growing up no one knew him",  a claim ranked Pants-on-Fire by Politifact.
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On October 24, , Trump offered to donate five million dollars to the charity of Obama's choice in return for the publication of his college and passport applications before October 31, While those who did so were Clinton supporters, there is no evidence of Clinton or her campaign questioning Obama's birthplace. Volunteer investigators working under the direction of Maricopa County, Arizona , Sheriff Joe Arpaio have asserted that Obama's birth certificate is a computer-generated forgery.
Rejecting this claim, an assistant to Hawaii's attorney general stated in July that "President Obama was born in Honolulu, and his birth certificate is valid Regarding the latest allegations from a sheriff in Arizona, they are untrue, misinformed and misconstrue Hawaii law.
He said he would submit his evidence to federal authorities. Matthew Hill , one of a handful of Tennessee General Assembly members widely reported at the time to be birthers, demanded in that newly-elected president Obama should be compelled to present Hill and other Tennessee state legislators with a certified copy of his Hawaiian birth certificate.
During The Matthew Hill Show he stated:. We've said on this program many times And I've said, "Look it's really simple. If he's not a U. He hides them. He's hiding them. We need the truth. We need the documents unsealed. We need to know what's going on. Senate candidate and former Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court Roy Moore first questioned Obama's citizenship in , and said in that he didn't believe Obama had natural-born citizenship. In February , the Cullman Times , an Alabama newspaper, reported that at a town hall meeting there, U. Senator from Alabama Richard Shelby was asked if there was any truth to the rumors that Obama was not a natural-born citizen.
According to the Times report, Shelby said, "Well his father was Kenyan and they said he was born in Hawaii, but I haven't seen any birth certificate. You have to be born in America to be president. A Shelby spokesperson denied the story, but the newspaper stood by it. Blunt responded: "What I don't know is why the President can't produce a birth certificate.
I don't know anybody else that can't produce one. And I think that's a legitimate question. No health records, no birth certificate. But the courts don't. She had earlier voted to certify the Electoral College vote affirming his presidency, and had said she believes Obama is a U. In November , then-Representative Nathan Deal replied to a question about whether he believed that Obama "is a native-born American citizen who is eligible to serve as president" with a statement that "I am joining several of my colleagues in the House in writing a letter to the President asking that he release a copy of his birth certificate so we can have an answer to this question.
During a December 3, interview on Rusty Humphries ' radio talk show , Humphries asked Sarah Palin if she would make Barack Obama's birth certificate a campaign issue in , should she decide to run. Palin responded, "I think the public rightfully is still making it an issue. I don't have a problem with that. I don't know if I would have to bother to make it an issue, because I think that members of the electorate still want answers. The McCain—Palin campaign didn't do a good enough job in that area.
After news organizations and blogs picked up the quotation,  Palin issued a statement on her Facebook page in which she clarified that she meant to say that voters have the right to ask questions, and she herself has never asked Obama to produce a birth certificate. She then went on to compare questioning of Obama's birth certificate to questions that were raised during the presidential elections about her maternity to her son, Trig. Tracey Mann, a candidate running for Congress from Kansas in , stated at a candidate forum that Obama "should show his birth certificate to really resolve this thing one way or another".
In a radio interview, he answered a question as "I think the president of the United States needs to come forth with his papers and show everyone that he's an American citizen and put this issue to bed once and for all.cli-mate.homepcpatrol.com/modules/stevens/1596-cell-instagram-locate.php
Is Obama Claiming Kenyan Citizenship to Avoid Being Tried for Treason?
At a townhall meeting in Metairie, Louisiana on July 11, , Senator David Vitter responded to a question about Barack Obama's birth certificate saying "I personally don't have standing to bring litigation in court, but I support conservative legal organizations and others who would bring that to court. I think that is the valid and most possibly effective grounds to do it. On September 11, , former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich stated that Obama could only be understood by people who "understand Kenyan, anti-colonial behavior".
Gibbs went on to say, "You would normally expect better of somebody who held the position of Speaker of the House, but look, it is political season, and most people will say anything, and Newt Gingrich does that on a, genuinely, on a regular basis.
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In December , Andy Martin plaintiff in Martin v. Lingle and self-described "King of the Birthers" announced his candidacy to seek the Republican nomination for the President of the United States.
Supreme Court To Consider Obama Birth Certificate Case
On February 28, , on Steve Malzberg 's radio program Mike Huckabee , a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, falsely claimed that Obama had been raised in Kenya  and that "[Obama] probably grew up hearing that the British were a bunch of imperialists who persecuted his grandfather.
In March , Representative Michele Bachmann told conservative radio host Jeff Katz on his program, "I'll tell you one thing, if I was ever to run for president of the United States, I think the first thing I would do in the first debate is offer my birth certificate, so we can get that off the table. That's for the president to state. Coffman stated that he did not know where President Barack Obama was born. Coffman went on to say of Obama that "in his heart, he's not an American. He's just not an American. In December , three out of the eleven electors from Arizona who cast their votes for Mitt Romney , raised doubts about Barack Obama's birthplace.
Morrissey later insisted that he is not a birther, but stated that "In [his] opinion, what [he has] seen from the president, produced as a birth certificate, does not convince [him] that it is a real document. Senator Lindsey Graham , October 1, . Although claims about Obama's citizenship were evaluated in by the McCain campaign and ultimately rejected,  they became a significant issue among sections of the political right.
By mid, the natural born citizen issue was one of the hottest and most lucrative sources of fundraising for organizations on the right that raise funds through direct mail and telemarketing. Online petition sites such as that of Alan Keyes , who has been collecting signatures on the birth certificate issue, are a major source for generating mailing lists of movement conservatives. Moderate conservatives have found themselves "bombarded with birther stuff". NBC Nightly News reported that other members of Congress often hear the issue too; an anonymous congressman told the program that he was reluctant to advertise his own town hall meetings for fear of this issue drowning out everything else.
A number of Republican legislators have proposed legislation and constitutional amendments at the state and federal levels to address issues raised by the birth certificate campaigners. Some Republicans are said to "want the issue to go away", seeing it as a distraction. Democratic commentators have criticized the reluctance of some Republicans to distance themselves from the proponents of the conspiracy theories, suggesting that "Republican officials are reluctant to denounce the birthers for fear of alienating an energetic part of their party's base".
Republican National Committee Chairman Michael Steele released a statement through his spokesperson saying, "Chairman Steele believes that this is an unnecessary distraction and believes that the president is a U. Conservative Joel Pollak , writing for The American Thinker , has stated that the reason the "Birther theory" has caught on particularly among conservatives, is the weakness of the Republican opposition, stating:. In the absence of strong Republican leadership, some find the Birther theory a compelling, if desperate, solution. Republican presidential candidates need to figure out how to diffuse [ sic ] angry birthers who are bound to show up and demand their attention.
If they give credence to the birthers, they're not only advancing ignorance but also betraying the narrowness of their base.
Supreme Court To Consider Obama Birth Certificate Case | News One
If they dismiss this growing movement, they might drive birthers to find more extreme candidates, which will fragment a Republican political coalition. The demographics tell the basic story: a black man is president and a large majority of white southerners cannot accept that, even in The fringe defines what's left of the Republican centre. However, Republicans and Southerners were far more likely than other political or demographic groups to doubt that Obama was born in the United States.
Support for the belief that Obama was born outside the U. Politico 's congressional reporter, Glenn Thrush, commented that the Research poll "explains why Republicans, including Roy Blunt, are playing footsie with the Birther fringe. The poll found that those who do not believe that Obama was born in the United States, or do not know, are predominantly middle-aged, lower-income Republican-leaning individuals without a college education.
The percentage of doubters plummeted after President Obama released the long form certificate in April In July , four months before Donald Trump was elected to the presidency, 41 percent of Republicans disagreed that Obama was born in the United States and 31 percent neither agreed nor disagreed, per an NBC poll. Because a portion of Republican voters and their Tea Party supporters believe Obama is not eligible to hold public office see Opinion surveys section , Republicans sometimes found themselves caught in a dilemma between losing support or damaging their credibility.
At a town hall meeting, Castle was confronted by constituents who jeered him for insisting that Obama is a citizen of the United States. Leslie Savan of The Nation has compared the so-called "birthers" to other groups as well, including those who deny the moon landing , the Holocaust or global warming ; "Teabaggers who refuse to believe they must pay taxes" and creationists who believe the earth is 6, years old.